What is diabetes?

When we eat, our bodies convert most of the food into glucose. As glucose enters the bloodstream from the stomach, the pancreas automatically secretes the amount of insulin needed to help those glucose molecules enter cells in order to be used as an energy source. In this way insulin acts to reduce glucose in the bloodstream allowing people without diabetes to maintain a relatively stable blood glucose concentration.

People with diabetes have an impaired ability to produce insulin, or insulin resistance which causes by insulin to be less effective. This prevents glucose from entering cells and results in the blood glucose concentration remaining too high. This is the disease known as diabetes.

type 2 diabetes

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